Tribological and Wetting Properties of TiO 2 Based Hydrophobic Coatings for Ceramics

Hydrophobic and self-cleaning photocatalytic ceramics and concrete with potential for the superhydrophobicity are promising novel materials for civil engineering applications including buildings, bridges, road pavements, and airport runways. Due to embedded liquid-repellent properties, such materials have low water and salt absorption and, therefore, enhanced durability. However, in applications requiring high traction (e.g., tire and pavement), there is a concern that reduced adhesion may compromise the friction. This paper reports on wetting, dry friction, and roughness properties of TiO2 coated (hydrophilic) and polymethyl hydrogen siloxane (PMHS) coated (hydrophobic) self-cleaning ceramic tiles. The coefficient of friction values of the tile–rubber interface do not change significantly with the applications of the coatings up to 0.67 for hydrophilic TiO2 based and up to 0.46 for hydrophobic TiO2 + PMHS coatings versus 0.45 for uncoated reference. Friction has adhesion and roughne